Joint BaseLewis-McChordSentinel LandscapeFort HuachucaSentinel LandscapeMiddle ChesapeakeSentinel LandscapeCamp RipleySentinel LandscapeAvon Park Air Force RangeSentinel LandscapeEastern North CarolinaSentinel Landscape GeorgiaSentinel Landscape

Defining the Landscapes

  • Joint Base Lewis-McChord
  • Fort Huachuca
  • Middle Chesapeake
  • Avon Park Air Force Range
  • Camp Ripley
  • Eastern North Carolina
  • Georgia
The Joint Base Lewis-McChord (JBLM) Sentinel Landscape is located outside of two major urban centers (urban areas shown in grey) in Washington State’s Puget Sound: Olympia to the West and the Seattle metropolitan area to the North.
The JBLM Sentinel Landscape (outlined in purple) is focusing on preserving working and natural lands in the rural area outside of these urban centers to protect local agriculture, and native prairies from land conversion through urban development.
Funds from the Army Compatible Use Buffer Program and NRCS Easements Program have been used to protect vital farms and ranches around the JBLM Sentinel Landscape.
The Thurston prairie conservation bank (shown in pink) was established to restore and protect the rapidly disappearing native prairie habitat of the South Puget Sound.
The native prairies in the rural area support a number of species listed under the Endangered Species Act. The proposed critical habitat for the Oregon spotted Frog is shown in purple and the critical habitat for the Taylors checkerspot butterfly is shown in green.
Historically, native prairies (shown in tan) covered a significant portion of the South Puget Sound.
Due to decades of land use conversion, the range of South Sound native prairie ecosystems has reduced drastically, with most of the remaining grassland located within JBLM’s fenceline.
The boundary of the JBLM Sentinel Landscape takes into consideration the priorities of all the various land use interests in order to leverage resources to accomplish shared priorities.
Fort Huachuca is located in rural southeast Arizona outside of Sierra Vista in Cochise County.
The installation hosts the Buffalo Soldier Electronic Testing Range, an area used to test command control, communications, computer, and intelligence systems. The rural character of the arid landscape surrounding Fort Huachuca creates an electromagnetically quiet area that is perfect for the electronic test mission of the Range. The extent of the Sentinel Landscape coincides with the boundaries of the Range.
The R-2303 Restricted Airspace Complex (blue) and the R-2312 restricted airspace (pink) also host unmanned aerial systems training and operations for other Military Services and the U.S. Border Patrol.
The Fort Huachuca Sentinel Landscape also includes the Las Cienegas and San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Areas, two ecologically-significant areas managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Efforts to conserve these areas are helping to protect local watersheds, threatened or endangered species, and Fort Huachuca’s unique test mission.
The Coronado National Forest (green) accounts for a significant portion of the rural Fort Huachuca Sentinel Landscape. The U.S. Forest Service is working to improve watershed conditions and address critical forest resource issues through various conservation efforts in this area
Much of the remaining land within the Fort Huachuca Sentinel Landscape is either privately owned or held by the state (light blue). Conserving this land in its working or open state is a priority of the Fort Huachuca Sentinel Landscape moving forward.
The final map of the Fort Huachuca Sentinel Landscape takes into account the priorities of all the various local partners. The goal of the partnership is to leverage their resources to protect the unique test and training mission of the installation; working lands and forests; grassland and forest habitat; and the water resources on which Fort Huachuca, wildlife, and the region rely.
The Middle Chesapeake Sentinel Landscape is home to Naval Air Station (NAS) Patuxent River and Webster Outlying Field, which support the Atlantic Test Ranges, the Navy’s premier aircraft research, development, test, and evaluation location.
The Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in the United States, is a complex ecosystem that includes important habitats for a diverse group of plant and animal species. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service units highlighted in yellow are some of the most pristine and ecologically significant ecosystems in the mid-Atlantic region.
The areas shown in green are lands that are held by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the region, including the Blackwater and Martin National Wildlife Refuges. Conservation efforts in these areas protect prime habitat for a number of species, including migratory bird populations and other rare species.
Those areas shown in brown are lands protected using funds from the Rural Legacy Program, which provides funding to preserve large, contiguous tracts of land while supporting a sustainable land base for natural resource based industries.
As part of the test and operational mission of NAS Patuxent River, airspace over parts of Maryland and Virginia is used to test and train new helicopter systems and conduct helicopter maneuvers (outlined in orange).
The Nanticoke, Blackwater, Transquaking Rivers Corridor (NBTC), which is outlined in red, is an area of critical ecological importance identified by Middle Chesapeake partners as a priority area for conservation. The Nanticoke watershed alone is one of the most pristine and ecologically significant areas in the region, home to over 260 rare plants and animals.
The Atlantic Test Ranges, which are outlined in blue and cover a significant portion of the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia support a number of different test, research, and training activities. The protected open and working lands underneath this airspace allow the Navy to operate aircraft without restrictions from incompatible development.
The Middle Chesapeake Sentinel Landscape (highlighted) targets for conservation those areas with ecological, agricultural, and historical significance that overlap with the military mission of NAS Patuxent River and the Atlantic Test Ranges.
The Sentinel Landscape boundary incorporates these overlapping interests of the local partners to protect the military mission, an ecological treasure, and a way of life for future generations.
Avon Park Air Force Range (APAFR), which is shown in blue, is located in rural central Florida and is the largest air-to-ground training range east of the Mississippi.
Situated in a historically rural part of the state, APAFR is surrounded by cattle ranches, citrus farms, croplands, and working forests. Note the presence of heavily populated urban areas (dark grey) to the west and south of the Range.
The APAFR Sentinel Landscape encompasses the ecologically significant Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area (outlined in pink). The Everglades Headwaters is a highly treasured and significant landscape that is home to a diverse set of habitat types and provides freshwater to a large portion of Florida residents.
Military Influence Planning Areas (MIPAs) are shown in grey. These are areas identified in a local city ordinance in which impacts from the APAFR and associated training activities may be experienced. The ordinance outlines various requirements for redevelopment and new development in these areas to ensure mission compatibility.
The areas shown in green are actively managed and protected by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as part of the Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge.
It is no coincidence that the boundary of the Avon Park Sentinel Landscape (dark red) encompasses the Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area given the significance of this area to numerous species and a large portion of the state.
The APAFR Sentinel Landscape incorporates the different land use and resource priorities of the partners in the area surrounding the Range in order to protect the training mission of Avon Park from suburban development, conserve and improve water quality in the Everglades watershed, and maintain regional agricultural productivity.
The Camp Ripley Sentinel Landscape is located in central Minnesota along a 40-mile stretch of the Mississippi River.
Located in a historically rural part of the state, the Camp Ripley Sentinel Landscape sits at the convergence of seven major sub-watersheds of the Mississippi River.
Given the importance of these sub-watersheds to the local community and the vital habitat they provide for fish and wildlife, the extent of these sub-watersheds define the boundary of the Camp Ripley Sentinel Landscape.
The agricultural and working lands surrounding Camp Ripley have enabled the installation to conduct various training exercises. However, increased pressure from expanding residential development in nearby municipalities (grey and white) jeopardizes Camp Ripley’s ability to fulfill its mission.
With 45 live and 23 non-live fire ranges, Camp Ripley (grey) serves as the primary National Guard Training Center for units from across the Mid-West.
Restoring and protecting historic agricultural and forest lands within the Camp Ripley Sentinel Landscape will not only support the local economy and improve water and habitat quality, but also ensure Camp Ripley’s continued ability to support the readiness of National Guard units throughout the region.
The Eastern North Carolina (ENC) Sentinel Landscape includes 33 counties across the eastern half of the state.
The expansive Eastern North Carolina partnership includes 13 military installations and ranges, including Fort Bragg, Dare County Bombing Range, and Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, among others.
The military installations within the ENC Sentinel Landscape support a wide array of test, training, and operational missions. Aerial military training routes (MTRs) and special use airspace cover a significant portion of the eastern half of the state.
The ENC Sentinel Landscape is home to Fort Bragg, the largest military installation in the world. The unique size of this installation coupled with the volume of training and operational activities it hosts have led to the identification of the Fort Bragg Protection Requirement Area (green), an area in which conserving working and open lands is a priority in order to reduce training restrictions due to incompatible development.
The U.S. Air Force has identified priority areas underneath its highest traffic training flight paths for protection (light green). Keeping these lands in a rural state will avoid training restrictions due to noise and other concerns from incompatible development.
The ENC Sentinel Landscape also includes 11 National Wildlife Refuges managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. These areas provide important habitat for numerous species, including migratory birds.
The Sentinel Landscape encompasses the Croatan National Forest and Cape Hatteras and Cape Lookout National Seashores, ecologically important areas that provide recreational and other commercial uses.
The boundary of the ENC Sentinel Landscape takes into consideration the many military, agricultural, and conservation land use interests in the eastern portion of the state.
The ENC Sentinel Landscape leverages military, agricultural, and conservation priorities within its boundary to improve land use and resource outcomes for all of its partners.
The Georgia Sentinel Landscape is home to several of the nation’s most important installations and ranges, including Fort Benning, Fort Stewart, Townsend Bombing Range, Robins Air Force Base, and Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay.
The Landscape includes active Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration (REPI) partnerships (agreement area boundaries outlined in black).
The Georgia Department of Natural Resources (GADNR) is responsible for managing and maintaining a significant amount of natural and cultural resources within the Landscape (light green).
The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and a number of land trusts work with willing landowners in the landscape to conserve their working and natural lands in ways compatible with the military mission (shown in light blue).
Numerous other federal agencies actively manage land within the Georgia Sentinel Landscape, to include the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and National Park Service (NPS).
A primary objective of the Georgia Sentinel Landscape is to promote the development of habitat for species of concern, to include the gopher tortoise. Partners seek to protect corridors of vital gopher tortoise habitat (shown in brown) to preclude listing of the species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
Given the prominence of species rehabilitation as a priority for the partnership, the focus area of the Georgia Sentinel Landscape aligns with the gopher tortoise corridors and also includes a significant portion of the Georgia coastline and Savannah River watershed.
The boundary of the Georgia Sentinel Landscape (shown in purple) takes into consideration the priorities of all the various land use interests in order to leverage resources to accomplish shared priorities.